The role of anti-Mullerian hormone in predicting the response to clomiphene citrate in unexplained infertility
Tohma, Yusuf Aytac
Akkurt, Mehmet Ozgur
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Objective: To determine the role of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in predicting the response to clomiphene citrate (CC) therapy for ovulation induction in women with unexplained infertility. Materials and methods: For this retrospective study, fifty consecutive patients who responded to CC were taken as Group 1, while fifty consecutive patients who failed to show adequate ovulatory response with CC were taken as Group 2. We compared the AMH levels of the two groups and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the threshold for AMH in predicting the ovulatory response to CC therapy. Results: Mean age, body mass index, luteinizing hormone, prolactin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone values were similar in the two groups. AMH and antral follicle count (AFC) values were higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (p = 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between FSH and AFC (r = -0.339, p = 0.001), while AFC and AMH displayed a statistically significant positive correlation (r = 0.713 and p = 0.001). AMH values and AFC were found to be predictors of the adequate ovulatory response to CC. The area under the ROC curve was 0.86 vs 0.80, respectively. At an AFC cutoff value of 14, the sensitivity and specificity for prediction of ovulation were 68% and 80%, respectively. Conclusion: The AMH and AFC cut-off values for the prediction of positive ovarian response to CC in patients with unexplained infertility were 2.78 ng/mL and 14, respectively. If further prospective and randomized studies confirm our results, these thresholds may be useful to predict successful ovulation induction and reduce the unresponsive cycles. (C) 2018 Taiwan Association of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V.