Estimation of heartbeat rate from speech recording with hybrid feature vector (HFV)
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This paper introduces a new hybrid feature vector for revealing the relationship between human voice and heartbeat rate (HBR). Various samples of the sustained vowel /a/ for different HBR have been extracted from a database which is created for this study. A convolutional neural network (CNN)-Regression (R), support vector machines (SVMs)-Regression (R), and multiple linear regression (MLR) are used as regression models. The experimental results show that the percentage of predictions within an acceptable error margin has been obtained as 98.92% for CNN-R, 98.70% for SVMs-R and 96.88% for MLR when Forward Sequential is used as a feature selection algorithm. The results also reveal that the CNN-R (root mean square error (RMSE) =0.3909) has produced better prediction values in estimating HBR than those produced by SVMs-R (RMSE=0.4277) and MLR (RMSE =0.4449). As a result, it is seen that the extracted hybrid feature vector provides a novel relationship between human voice and HBR. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.