Evaluation of patients' perception of gingival recession, its impact on oral health-related quality of life, and acceptance of treatment plan
Oduncuoglu, Bahar Fusun
Nisanci Yilmaz, Mediha Nur
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Objective: Gingival recessions (GR) may cause aesthetic and hypersensitivity complaints which might affect oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The aim of this study was to evaluate the patients' awareness of their own GR, the impact of GR on OHRQoL and the acceptance of suggested treatment modalities. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 205 patients. The demographic variables were recorded and patients' perception of GR was questioned. Full-mouth examination was carried out and clinical parameters were recorded. Gingival recessions, GR related complaints were evaluated and GR treatments were suggested and acceptance were also recorded by the examiner. The patients filled out OHRQoL-United Kingdom (OHRQoL-UK) questionnaire regarding to their GR and were asked if GR have/would have impact on oral health and if the GR will/would get worsen. Data was analysed with independent t test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: 4819 teeth were evaluated and 733 GR examined in 147 patients. Fifty-seven patients were unaware of their GR. A strong belief that GR have impact on oral health (88.78%) and GR will progress (86.34%) was detected. Acceptance of treatment was increased and non-invasive modalities were preferred if patients had complaints. The awareness of GR status increases and the misperception decreases the OHRQoL-UK scores. The results revealed that hypersensitivity decreases the OHRQoL-UK scores and aesthetic concerns and hypersensitivity decreases the OHRQoL-UK physical scores significantly (p < .05). Conclusions: The results indicated that the patients might be unaware of their GR and the GR related factors may lead to poorer OHRQoL.