Classification of Human Movements by Using Kinect Sensor
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In recent years, studies have been carried out to classify human movements in many areas such as health and safety. To classify human movements, image processing methods have also started to be used in recent years. With the help of learning-based algorithms, human posture can be defined in the images obtained by various imaging methods. The predecessor methods of these classification algorithms are machine learning and deep learning. In addition, in recent years, the use of sensors that can detect human joints in perceiving human posture has also increased. The Kinect sensor, developed by Microsoft, is one of the most frequently used sensors because it is not wearable and can detect joints with infrared rays and transfer this information directly to the computer via USB connection. This study used a dataset called CAD60 that included real-time human posture information and images obtained using a Microsoft Kinect sensor, which is available in the literature. This dataset contains data that includes different movements/postures of different people. Within the scope of this study, the performances of these algorithms were obtained by using classification algorithms with the MATLAB program and these performances were compared. The classification algorithms have been used to try to improve the results by using different architectures. When raw data is used, classification accuracy is obtained as 72.60% with one of the machine learning methods, the Cosine K-Nearest Neighbor method. With the feature selection method, this success value has been increased to 74.18%. In addition, when classified by the Support Vector Machines method after the feature extraction process using the Long Short Term Memory method from the deep network architectures, which is the method proposed in this study, the accuracy rate was increased to 98.95%. The best method of classifying human posture was investigated by using different methods and a method was proposed by comparing it with the literature.