Early period hospital mortality after orthopedic surgery and affecting factors By:Beyaz, S (Beyaz, Salih)[ 1 ]
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting the mortality and the orthopedic surgical procedure with the highest hospital mortality. Materials and Methods: 19,727 patients who had undergone orthopedic surgery between 1998-2016 were included in the study. Of these patients, 370 patients who died in the hospital within the first 30 days were screened. Surgical procedures for patients with a higher than average mortality, age, gender, presence of malignancy, history of coronary artery disease, diabetes, hemodialysis, cerebrovascular event history, presence of hypertension, The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) assessment score and anesthesia patterns were recorded. Results: Of 19,727 patients undergoing orthopedic surgery, 237 (1.23%) patients died early in the hospital after surgery. 4 surgical procedures with the highest mortality rate; It was found 6.35% in amputation surgery, 5.2% in femoral neck fracture, 4.2% in intertrochanteric hip fracture and 2.6% in vertabra surgery. Factors affecting the mortality were age, male gender, hypertension, having general anesthesia, having amputation surgery and having hemodialysis. ASA score was statistically significant in mortality all surgical types. Conclusion: Amputation is the most deadly orthopedic surgery in the early period. comorbid chronic diseases are the most important factors affecting mortality in orthopedic surgery.