Parameters predicting sperm retrieval rates during microscopic testicular sperm extraction in nonobstructive azoospermia
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The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of the parameters that might have an effect on the success of microscopic testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) in infertile patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). Between 2003 and 2014, 860 patients with NOA were retrospectively analysed. The effect of age, infertility duration, history of varicocelectomy, herniorrhaphy or orchiopexy, presence of solitary testis, tobacco use, previous testicular biopsy results, history of orchitis, usage of human chorionic gonadotropin in the past three months, presence of undescended or retractile testis, presence of varicocele, testicular volume, levels of serum follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, and testosterone, presence of Klinefelter syndrome and micro-deletion of Y chromosome on sperm retrieval rates were evaluated. In 45.8% (n = 394) of the patients who underwent micro-TESE, spermatozoon was adequately obtained. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that previous successful testicular biopsy (OR = 15.346; GA = 5.45-43.16; p < .001) and higher testicular volumes significantly increase sperm retrieval rate in micro-TESE. The testicular volume cut-off as 11 ml was found to be the most significant factor. Although currently testicular biopsy result is not being used as a diagnostic method, it is significantly associated with micro-TESE result.