Wi-Fi Based Indoor Positioning System with Using Deep Neural Network
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Indoor positioning is one of the major challenges for the future large-scale technologies. Nowadays, it has become an attractive research subject due to growing demands on it. Several algorithms and techniques have been developed over the decades. One of the most cost-effective technique is Wi-Fi-based positioning systems. This technique is infrastructure-free and able to use existing wireless access points in public or private areas. These systems aim to classify user's location according to pre-defined set of grids. However, Wi-Fi signals could be affected by interference, blockage of walls and multipath effect which increases error of classification. In this study Deep Neural Networks and conventional machine learning classifiers are utilized to classify 22 squared grids which represent locations. Five primary Wireless Access Points (WAPs) were mounted indoor environment and 177 secondary WAPs are observed by Wi-Fi module. Dataset was created with using five primary and 177 secondary WAPs. The performance of proposed method was tested using Deep Neural Networks and machine learning classifiers. The results show that Deep Neural Network present the best performance as compared to machine learning classifiers. 95.45% accuracy was achieved by using five primary WAPs and 97.27% accuracy was achieved by using five primary and 177 secondary WAPs together for Deep Neural Network.