Effect of Induced Membrane on Guided Bone Regeneration in an Experimental Calvarial Model
Akdeniz, Sidika Sinem
Akcay, Eda Yilmaz
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of induced membrane on guided bone regeneration and to compare its effect with poly-tetra-flourur-ethylene (PTFE) membrane and collagen membrane. Methods: Sixteen white Vienna rabbits were used for experiments. Initially 1 defect was created on the parietal bone of all animals and cement was placed inside the defects. After 8 weeks, the bone cements were removed, without damaging the induced membrane formed in the defect cavity. And then 2 more defects were created. All defects were filled with xsenogenic graft materials and were covered with newly formed induced membrane, d-PTFE membrane and collagen membrane. Eight animals were sacrificed at 4th week and other 8 animals were sacrificed at 8th week and all bone specimens were histologically evaluated. Results: New bone formation and bone marrow ratios were significantly higher in induced membrane and d-PTFE membrane group compared to collagen membrane group (P < 0.05) at 4th week. Mature bone ratios were significantly higher in induced membrane and d-PTFE membrane group compared to collagen membrane group (P < 0.05) at 8th week. The best CD31 value was detected with d-PTFE membrane group at 4th week and with induced membrane at 8th week. Conclusion: Induced membrane can act as a strong barrier membrane and stimulate bone regeneration. Induced membrane technique can be accepted as a good alternative for the reconstruction of critical size defects in maxillofacial region.