Retrospective correlation of (68)ga-psma uptake with clinical parameters in prostate cancer patients undergoing definitive radiotherapy
Guler, Ozan C.
Yapar, Ali F.
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Objective The aim of the study is to investigate the correlation between the intensity of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) uptake in primary tumor and clinico-pathological characteristics of non-metastatic prostate cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT). Methods Using the clinical data of 201 prostate cancer patients who were referred for (68) Ga-PSMA-positron emission tomography (PET/CT) for staging and RT planning, we analyzed the correlations among intermediate- or high-risk disease based on Gleason score (GS), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, D'Amico risk group classification, and maximum standardized uptake (SUVmax) of primary tumor. Results Primary tumor was visualized via (68) Ga-PSMA-PET/CT scan in 192 patients (95.5%). The median SUVmax of primary tumor and metastatic lymph node were 13.2 (range 3.3-83.7) and 11.4 (range 3.6-64.5), respectively. A significant moderate correlation was observed between PSA level and median tumor SUVmax as measured by (68) Ga-PSMA-PET/CT (Spearman = 0.425; p < 0.001). Patients with serum PSA > 10 ng/mL, GS > 7, D'Amico high-risk group classification, and pelvic lymph node metastasis had significantly higher tracer uptake in primary tumor than their counterparts. The median SUVmax of primary tumor was highest in patients with GS 9. The primary tumor detection rates of (68) Ga-PSMA-PET/CT were 83%, 92%, and 99% for patients with serum PSA <= 5.0 ng/mL (14 patients, 7%), PSA 5.1-10.0 ng/mL (45 patients, 22%), and PSA > 10 ng/mL (142 patients, 71%), respectively. Conclusions We demonstrated a correlation between prostate tumor characteristics and PSMA tracer uptake. Patients with serum PSA > 10 ng/mL, GS > 7, D'Amico high-risk group classification, and pelvic lymph node metastasis had significantly higher SUV than their counterparts. In addition, the primary tumor detection rate was higher in patients with serum PSA > 10 ng/mL and GS > 7.