Outcome of ICSI pregnancies with spontaneous loss of a co-twin compared with singleton ICSI pregnancies: Single center experience
Uysal, Nihal S.
Yanik, Fiiz F. Bilgin
Zeyneloglu, Hulusi B.
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Aim To compare the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancies complicated by spontaneous loss of a dichorionic co-twin with that of singleton ICSI pregnancies. Methods The study group included dichorionic ICSI pregnancies with co-twin loss (n = 33) and the control group included ICSI pregnancies with a singleton from the beginning (n = 327). Primary outcome measures were obstetric complications, including preterm delivery, newborn small for gestational age, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertensive disorders and abruptio placenta; admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and perinatal mortality observed in the study and control groups. Statistical analysis was performed using spss for Windows, version 22.0. Results In the study group, there were 26 cases of first trimester (early) and 7 cases of second or third trimester (late) co-twin losses. Mean gestational age at delivery and mean birth weight were significantly lower in the whole study group compared to control (P < 0.05). Preterm delivery and NICU admission rates were significantly higher in the whole study group, compared to control (39.3% vs 14.6% and 36.36% vs 11.69% respectively, P < 0.05), but did not show significant difference between early loss subgroup and control (P > 0.05). Preterm delivery rate was significantly higher in the late loss subgroup compared to the early loss subgroup (85.71% vs 26.92% P < 0.05). Conclusion Loss of a co-twin in dichorionic ICSI pregnancies is associated with increased risk of preterm birth. This risk is significantly higher in cases with late loss compared to the early loss cases.