Evaluation of hs-CRP and sLOX-1 Levels in Moderate-to-High Risk Acute Coronary Syndromes
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Objective: Risk stratification and prompt treatment are essential for the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and prediction of future prognosis. Subclinical vascular inflammation and novel biomarkers play an important role in the clinical evaluation of ACS patients. Methods: We enrolled patients who were admitted to emergency service with unstable angina or non-ST segment elevated ACS (NSTE-ACS) in the study population. Coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity was determined via evaluation of angiographical views and peripheral venous blood samples were collected to measure highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and soluble form of Lectin-like OxLDL receptor-1 (sLOX-1) levels. Results: A total of 40 patients were enrolled in the study population, mean age was 65.1 +/- 13.8 years and male gender percentage was 52.5%. Twenty-nine of patients had NSTE-ACS and 11 patients had unstable angina presentation. The modified Gensini scores were higher for patients with elevated hs-CRP and sLOX-1 levels. Conclusion: Vascular inflammation displays the onset of ACS and it is related to more complex CAD in these patients. An increase in sLOX-1 expression is closely related to anatomical complexity of CAD in ACS.