The effect of elastic therapeutic taping and rigid taping on pain, functionality, and tissue temperature in lumbar radiculopathy: a randomized controlled study
Kilic, Rabia Tugba
Yosmaoglu, Hayri Baran
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Purpose To compare the therapeutic effects of different taping materials and techniques on pain, functionality, and tissue temperature in patients with lumbar radiculopathy. Methods: Patients with lumbar radiculopathy were included in the study (n = 51). Patients were randomly divided into three groups, which were the elastic taping (n = 17), rigid taping (n = 17), and placebo taping groups (n = 17). All patients were enrolled in a physiotherapy and rehabilitation program that included thermotherapy, electrotherapy, and exercise five times a week for 2 weeks. The pain was measured before and after treatment using the Visual Analogue Scale. Functionality and quality of life were measured using the Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire and Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. The tissue temperature of the treated area in the lumbar region was measured by digital electronic infra-red thermography. Results: After the treatment, pain, functionality, and quality of life were improved in all groups (p < 0.05). Elastic taping was more effective in decreasing pain and increasing functionality than placebo taping (p < 0.05), but no difference was observed between placebo taping and rigid tapping. Local tissue temperature did not change before and after treatment in the elastic taping group (p > 0.05). Tissue temperature increased in the rigid and placebo taping groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Taping therapy in patients with lumbar radiculopathy has a positive effect on pain and functional status. Elastic taping can be recommended for clinical use because its effect is superior in some recovery parameters and its ease of use.