Impact of stage-grade of periodontitis and self-reported symptoms on oral health-related quality of life
Yilmaz, Mediha Nur Nisanci
MetadataShow full item record
Objectives The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of stage-grade of periodontitis and self-reported signs and symptoms on oral health-related quality of life. Methods The diagnosis of periodontitis was based on the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions. The Turkish version of Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) was used to assess oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and the participants were requested to state their symptoms associated with periodontal diseases. Results One hundred and sixty-six patients were included in the study with a mean age of 46.54 +/- 9.24 years. The participants with Stage IV and Grade C periodontitis had the highest total OHIP-14 scores (median 20.00 [min.-max, 3.00-35.00] and median 18.50 (min.-max, 0.00-36.00]; respectively). The OHIP-14 scores (mean +/- SD) were significantly associated with the symptoms of bleeding gums (13.64 +/- 9.39), sore gums (18.00 +/- 10.47), swollen gums (17.42 +/- 10.91), bad breath (15.82 +/- 9.44), loose teeth (20.00 +/- 8.66) and drifting teeth (24.56 +/- 8.46). Conclusions This study demonstrates a significant association between OHRQoL and periodontitis. Stage-grade of periodontitis and its symptoms were associated with poor quality of life.