The Relation Between Meal Frequency and Obesity in Adults
Ok, Mehtap Akcil
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Objective: To determine the relation between meal frequency and obesity in adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 1829 volunteer (520 men, 1309 women) selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included socio-demographic factors, dietary behaviors, anthropometric measurements and energy-macro and micronutrient intakes. Results: The median meal frequency of women and men were 4 and 3, respectively. Approximately 57% of men and 61% of women have skipped meals and 76.8% of them were skipped their lunch. In addition, the individuals whose BMI were under and over 25 kg/m(2) (72.4%, 78.3%, respectively) often skipped lunch. The meal frequency positively correlated with waist to hip ratio in women (p<0.05). Additionally, there were positively significant correlations between meal frequency and saturated fatty acids, fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron intake (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study indicated that increased meal frequency may have a beneficial effect on micronutrients intakes and some anthropometric measurements among adults.